Week’s discussion!! | Nursing homework help

For this week’s discussion, we will look to the Twitter feed and locate a Tweet that describes a new health care initiative or an issue you are passionate about or that speaks to you.

1. Explore this initiative in detail and share your thoughts on the plan.
2. Discuss your thoughts about the Tweet and whether you can support the initiative or not. Be sure to use evidence in support of your position.
3. Within the political climate of government today, does this initiative have any hope of moving forward? Share your position based on the evidence.
4. Compose a Tweet (no more than 140 characters) that adequately addresses your response to the original post and share this Tweet in the discussion

Please review the Graduate Discussion Grading Guidelines and Rubric  (Links to an external site.)for complete discussion requirements.

Conduct an in-depth analysis and evaluation of an agency’s planning,

 

Analysis of the Selected Agency

ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW

As a consultant, you need to develop an in-depth analysis and evaluation of the selected agency’s planning, organizational design, decision-making process, and implementation, and then provide recommendations for improvement. Therefore, you will conduct interviews with agency representatives and research related academic sources, the agency’s website, or any government website. The analysis will be read by the VP of accounts and client support, as well as by the leaders of the agency for whom you are working.

ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS

Write a 5–7 page paper in which you:

  • Describe the history of the selected agency and department by explaining its reasons (goals and objectives) for being established. Title this section History of [Selected Agency].
  • Analyze the organizational design of the selected agency and specific department by describing the design and organizational chart. Assess its effectiveness in making major policy decisions and providing services to its primary recipients. Title this section Organizational Design.
    • Include a figure of the current organizational design within the text of the paper.
  • Recommend a redesign of the agency’s structure to better serve the needs of the department’s businesses without jeopardizing the goals and objectives of the agency. Explain your reasoning for changing the design, and explain the change’s impact on the agency’s effectiveness in delivering quality services. Title this section Assessment of Organizational Design.
    • Include a figure of the new organizational design within the text of the paper.
  • Analyze 2–3 major milestones, factors (internal or external), or actors affecting the agency’s success and their influence on the effectiveness of the agency’s planning, organizational design, decision making, and implementation. Also, analyze 2–3 possible causes (internal or external) that appear to have the effect of impeding the organization’s implementation of its policy and meeting its goals and objectives. Title this section Evaluation of Planning and Implementation.
  • Recommend 2–3 strategies (from the previous criterion) that the agency could implement to improve its effectiveness in the areas of planning, decision making, organization, and implementation, by explaining each recommendation and providing reasons each recommendation would bring about improvement. Title this section Recommendations for Planning and Implementation.
    • Include a cause and effect diagram in the text of the paper.
  • Provide the completed PAD599 Interview Template for 1–2 interviews, putting this information in the Appendix under Interviews.
  • Go to Basic Search: Strayer University Online Library to locate and list 4–5 relevant and credible outside resources that support the content of this assignment. Include no more than one non-government website.

Note: Follow the Guidelines for Interview Assignments at Strayer University provided in the Assignment Preparation in Week 1.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed and double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, your name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The sections must have appropriate titles. The cover page, reference page, and the appendix pages are not included in the required assignment page length. The assignment must be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:

  • Conduct an in-depth analysis and evaluation of an agency’s planning, organizational design, decision-making process, and implementation, and provide recommendations for improvement.

 

Paul collier focuses on inequality between countries. and he thinks

 

Research Paper

In this paper you will be responding to the ideas of two of the three books and authors on which we have focused in class: Chang’s 23 Things, Collier’s Bottom Billion, and Green’s From Poverty to Power. Your paper needs to do the following three things:

  • Explain the approach to change that each author would take in response to the issue you chose.
  • Compare the two approaches: What are their main similarities and differences?
  • Identify which of the two approaches to change do you prefer for this issue and explain why.

In carrying out these tasks you should:

  • Give a brief overview of each author’s approach to change (see note at the beginning of this document). Make sure you support the overview by citing material written by or about each author. As much as possible try to use your own words rather than lengthy quotes to sum up each author’s approach. This overview should not take up more than 1½ pages (350 words) of your paper.
  • Identify at least two important points of comparison between the two authors’ approaches to change. At least one of these should be a difference. Make sure you support the points in your comparison by citing material written by or about each author.
  • Clearly state which of the two approaches you prefer. (Hints: You can say one author’s approach is more likely to be effective, or you can argue that both have crucial flaws, or some other answer in between these two extremes. Remember that you are talking about their approach vis-à-vis a specific issue; this isn’t a general response to the two authors’ ideas.) Give at least two reasons, with supporting evidence from your research sources for your answer. Remember this is the most important part of your paper; it should take up at least 2 pages (500 words).

Paper Format

Your paper should be formatted as an essay, meaning written in paragraph form without bulleted lists. Use transition sentences rather than headings to signal which of the three tasks you are writing about. Your paper should not be much more than 1500 words (roughly 6 pages), and not less than 1000 words (roughly 4 pages). Your references list does not count toward this total. Use a legible font (i.e. 11 or 12 point) and double-space your paper.

There will be a separate Research Paper dropbox for this assignment. Please submit it in either a Word compatible format (.doc or .docx) or in PDF.

Research Expectations

In addition to reading and referencing the two authors’ books, you should read and make reference to at least two recent scholarly sources (i.e. substantial, research-based articles from scholarly journals or chapters from scholarly books that have been published since 2005). Appropriate research beyond this minimum will receive a higher grade.

Documentation of Research Sources

Your paper must include appropriate in-text references for any information taken from any article, book, case study or internet sources you used in your research. This includes both direct quotes and points where you have taken either facts or significant ideas from the source, even though you express them in your own words. Your references should be formatted according to the Chicago author-date system or the APA system. In both formats it is important that you, as a student, include the page number(s) when providing the location of the information you used. You can find a quick help with these formats at Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html ) and copies of the reference manuals for each in the library’s reference section as well as in the Tutoring Centre. If you are including information that is not common knowledge in your paper, it is best to have a reference for it. You should have a reference for each piece of information like this, not just put one reference at the end of a paragraph or page. It is much better to have too many references than too few.

Your paper should end with a references list (APA format or Chicago name-date format) of all the research material you used to write the paper. Be sure to include a full reference for the two authors’ books here, plus any non-scholarly and internet sources you consulted in the process of writing your paper.

Marking Guide

The template that follows is a rough guide to the weight I will give to different parts of the research paper.Some elements—such as failure to properly document sources or inadequate/inappropriate research—may result in lower grades in other areas as well.

  • Clear, research-based answer to the first question (shows knowledge of the two authors plus issue of focus)—about 20% of the grade
  • Clear, research-based answer to the second question (shows knowledge of the two authors plus ability to make critical comparisons)—about 20% of the grade
  • Clear, research-based answer to the first question (shows knowledge of the two authors and issue of focus plus ability to make evidence-based evaluations)—about 30% of the grade
  • Base of research for the paper and proper, consistent documentation of sources in text and in references list using either APA or Chicago format—about 20% of the grade
  • Clear organization of paper and quality of writing (grammar, punctuation, spelling, etc.)—about 10% of the grade

Getting Help

You can get help identifying appropriate research sources (or determining whether a source you have found is scholarly) from a librarian at the reference desk on the library’s main floor. If you are not sure what counts as a scholarly source, please review the points in the Beginner’s Guide on the Library website (http://libguides.uwinnipeg.ca/c.php?g=1647&p=657544). Remember that finding something via a scholarly database search increases the chances that the item is a scholarly source, but you should still check to make sure that it meets most of the criteria listed under Scholarly vs. Popular Sources.

++++Down here is the research plan from which we have to take information through the link given and cite them.{this research plan will help you to complete the research paper}+++

Research Plan/Outline and Research Paper Instructions

Plan due Tuesday, 18 February 2020.The plan is worth 2% of your final grade.

Paper due on or before Sunday, 29 March 2020.The paper is worth 10% of your final grade.

Research Plan/Outline Instructions

Your research plan will provide a roadmap for the paper. To draft your research plan/outline you should review book chapters we have already covered in the course for the two authors, plus look at the readings for assignments 7, 8 & 9. You will also need to identify scholarly research sources for the different parts of your paper.

Your research plan should contain the following:

An outline of the main ideas you need to include in your paper and research sources for them:

  • summary of each author’s approach to change. (Hints: You can use information from Assignments 8 & 9 for this part of the plan/outline. This summary should not include quotes form the two authors. Make sure that your overview of the two approaches to change does not take up more than 60% of your plan/outline.)
  • For each author, identify at least one additional source (i.e. other than the book used in class) that will help you understand what each author thinks about issue you have chosen. Briefly (i.e. 1-2 sentences for each source) explain how these sources will help you understand these authors’ positions. Provide a properly formatted reference for each of these items using either the APA or Chicago Manual format. (Hint: Scholarly sources, published interviews or TED Talks are preferred to general online sources.)
  • The main similarities and differences between the two approaches to change. (Hints: Don’t name all the possible similarities and differences here; choose only the ones you think are important enough to include in your paper. You might compare goals of change or definitions of the issue, the scale at which the author thinks change should start, the actors involved in the change or the methods they should use.)

Duncan Green

In his first section of his book From Poverty to Power he focuses on inequality because it is a big issue in his perspective, and it is the issue that he most worries about in the book as well. His approach suggests that inequality hinders people from developing their full capabilities. Inequality creates many problems. It wastes talent, undermines society and its institutions, undermines social cohesion, limits the impact of growth of economy.

Duncan Green is concerned about the inequality among the individuals.

According to Duncan Green, the problem of Inequality can be solved with effective states and active citizens. Societies should have a social foundation and environmental ceiling. The goal of development economics according to him must be to bring humanity into the safe and just safe.

Paul Collier;

Economic Growth is the Core Idea. Inequality is not the center idea for Paul Collier. In his perspective, Economic Growth helps everybody. When economic growth happens, incomes will grow. But the economic growth has to be a certain type of Growth. As a neo-classical economist, he thinks that people need an incentive to work harder to achieve economic growth. For instance, it wouldn’t be considered as growth if there is a group of powerful people controlling the oil resources of a country are putting the profits in their own pockets. In his book The Bottom Billion, Inequality couldn’t make it to the index. And it shows how much Collier would focus on inequality.

Paul Collier focuses on inequality between countries. And he thinks that the income gap among the countries is pulling them down. This gap can be fixed with Convergence. Convergence focuses on lifting the bottom billion countries from poverty by developing them at a faster rate than the developed countries.

As President of Tanzania, Rashid Kawawa stated “we must run while others walk.” Similarly, the bottom billion countries have to grow exceptionally faster to come the same level of development as those of developed countries. And that is how Collier thinks gap is going to shrink.

His core idea change is of economic growth. For good change to happen, a country will need good governance, good and appropriate policies, and natural resources to figure out how the country is going to fit with the economic seam of the international setting through Convergence.

Green, Duncan. (2016, Month Date). A historical view of the politics of inequality. Unesdoc. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245888

This document is published by the UN and is written by Duncan Green. He explains four historical cases studies of countries with inequality and asserts the fact that the decline in inequalities can depend on various factors in these diverse cases. For an instance, the interactions between policy and politics; between top-down leadership and bottom-up action; between deliberate responses and others unrelated to inequality in itself; and between measures aimed at both vertical and horizontal inequalities.

Collier, P. (March,2008) .Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/paul_collier_the_bottom_billion?language=en#t-545770

TED talk by Paul Collier with the title of The Bottom Billion is the additional source I chose to help me understand the issue I have chosen to work upon. In this TED talk, Paul Collier talks about giving hope to the bottom billion through the alliance of compassion and enlightenment of self-interest. He later talks about Resource Curse and blames bad governance for it.

The way that these two authors have approached a change is very different. For Paul Collier, for change to happen, someone in the bottom billion has to step up to bring change. For him, these people are the heroes and the reformers. Sometimes, when ordinary people try to bring change, they are killed or imprisoned. However, when someone in the position of power tries to bring a change, things change for good. These reformers are also assisted by external experts which help assisting good change. So, for Paul Collier, change starts from the top and eventually branches out as administration thins out.

For Duncan Green, in contrast, Change is driven by a group of people from the bottom of the chain where they organize themselves and make some demands to the government authorities. As it is natural, their demands are not accepted, and the process of struggle begins. The people keep pushing and the state keeps resisting their demands. People become more empowered citizens and the state becomes more effective and fairer. And that is how good change happens (through active citizens and effective states).

  • Identify at least two recent, scholarly research sources that contain information that will help you evaluate which of the two authors you think provides a better approach to change vis-à-vis the issue you chose. Briefly (i.e. 1-2 sentences for each source) explain how these sources will help you evaluate the two agendas. Provide a properly formatted reference for each source using either the APA or Chicago Manual format.

The first additional source is the document that helps to evaluate two: first, it zooms in on the poorest billion based on a multidimensional approach and, second, it goes beyond national aggregates to understand the bottom billion. Later, it introduces the Multidimensional Poverty Index, which includes information on health, education, and living standards, and is published in UNDP’s Human Development Report.

Alkire, S.; Roche, J.; Seth, S (2013). Identifying the ‘Bottom Billion’: Beyond National Averages. Retrieved from

https://www.gov.uk/dfid-research-outputs/identifying-the-bottom-billion-beyond-national-averages

The second research source that I choose is the book by Branco Milanovic, the Haves and Haves Not. The book focuses on the both the Inequalities that the Paul Collier and Duncan Green talk about. The inequality among the citizens and the inequality among countries. I will pick up excerpts from this book to support their approach to change and inequality.

The Haves and the Have-Nots by Milanovic, Branko (Ebook)https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.uwinnipeg.idm.o

This final project should showcase and demonstrate your mastery of

 

Topic in Sports & the Media

Students will be required to complete a detailed review of an article and/or news coverage that they will use as the foundation for the final ‘sports news story’ project for ASPN – Avila Sports Programming Network. The thematic content for the paper and your individual podcast is “The Politics of Sport”. The final individual written stories should be the equivalent of 3 pages in length

This final project should showcase and demonstrate your mastery of the topics, readings and materials discussed throughout the course.

* use between 4-5 sources

social and cultural views of human sexuality paper

Write a paper of 1,000 to 1,250 words analyzing different social and cultural views of human sexuality.

Select two historical perspectives on human sexuality listed in the text.

Select one contemporary cultural perspective on human sexuality listed in the text (e.g., sexual revolution, gay activism, sex research).

In your paper, be sure to address the following:

Cultural attitudes toward male and female sexuality for each selected perspective.

Roles of men and women for each selected perspective.

Include at least four scholarly references in your paper.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

Cars transport ml | Statistics homework help

 

Description

This project requires you to understand what mode of transport employees prefers to commute to their office. The attached data ‘Cars.csv’ includes employee information about their mode of transport as well as their personal and professional details like age, salary, work exp. We need to predict whether or not an employee will use Car as a mode of transport. Also, which variables are a significant predictor behind this decision?

Following is expected out of the candidate in this assessment.

EDA (15 Marks)

  • Perform an EDA on the data – (7 marks)
  • Illustrate the insights based on EDA (5 marks)
  • Check for Multicollinearity – Plot the graph based on Multicollinearity & treat it. (3 marks)

Data Preparation (10 marks)

  • Prepare the data for analysis (SMOTE)

Modeling (30 Marks)

  • Create multiple models and explore how each model perform using appropriate model performance metrics (15 marks)
    • KNN 
    • Naive Bayes (is it applicable here? comment and if it is not applicable, how can you build an NB model in this case?)
    • Logistic Regression
  • Apply both bagging and boosting modeling procedures to create 2 models and compare its accuracy with the best model of the above step. (15 marks)

Actionable Insights & Recommendations (5 Marks)

  •  Summarize your findings from the exercise in a concise yet actionable note

Organization behaviour | Management homework help

Case study Leadership Matters is in the attached files

Working through the case study analysis process, you will have the opportunity to take an in-depth look at the OB issues that impact the outcomes associated with the decision-making process, thereby driving morale, motivation, and productivity.

The assigned cases focus on specific (real-life) OB issues like motivation, culture, and ethics encountered by managers and leaders that can be applied to your everyday encounters in the workplace and at home.

Synopsis

A synopsis is a brief overview of the case. Please prepare your synopsis as if I (and your classmates) do not have the whole case study. Your synopsis should be concise, complete, and fully describe the situation “as you see it.” The synopsis should not exceed four to five paragraphs.

At the end of your synopsis, you must identify three Organizational Behavior problems that must be addressed.

Problem Analyses

For each of the three identified problems, you must analyze them, drawing from the content covered in class. These analyses should identify the causes of each problem.

Each of the three Problem Analyses should be no more than three to four sentences in length. Be succinct.

Problem Recommendations

For each problem, you must provide a solution. Recommendations must directly tie to the Organizational Behavior problem you identify. Support your solution with critical thinking that demonstrates an understanding of the course material, internet resources provided for this course, and real-life experiences.

Shy away from general statements and blanket conceptual recommendations that are not fully justified with the facts of the case.

Formatting and References

In addition to references in the textbook, you must include at least three quality outside references (properly vetted news sources, business publications, scholarly articles, etc.) to support the information you outline in your case study. 

Clearly label and indicate each Problem Analysis with headings in your paper followed by your Problem Recommendation. Ultimately, the structure of the assignment should follow the 3-Step Problem-solving Approach:

  • Problem #1
  • Cause of Problem #1
  • Recommendation #1
  • Problem #2
  • Cause of Problem #2
  • Recommendation #2
  • Problem #3
  • Cause of Problem #3
  • Recommendation #3

Your paper must also be formatted according to MLA guidelines (e.g., double spaced, 12 point font, and one-inch margins.) Papers must be five to seven pages in length. Both in-text citations and a reference page are required. 

PROBLEM-SOLVING APPLICATION CASE 

          Leadership Matters! Elon Musk is widely regarded as one of the most successful entrepreneurs in history.130 He became a billionaire by age 31 after founding and selling several successful start-ups—most notably the company that would later be known as Paypal. In 2004 Musk invested $6.3 million into Tesla Motors and soon after became the company’s CEO.

         Musk has a keen ability to express ideas and get people excited about them and has garnered praise for his inspiring and visionary leadership.132 Author Dale Buss argues that “. . . a huge part of Musk’s motivational quiver is to come up with and continually express other-worldly goals that appeal to the passions of his employees as well as to his own ambitions.”133 Todd Maron, Tesla’s former general counsel, said Musk is “someone who empowers you to be better than you think you can be,” adding that “he has extraordinarily high standards, and so he pushes you to be your absolute best.” Another former employee described Musk as “the smartest person I have ever met,” adding, “I can’t tell you how many times I prepared a report for him and he asked a question that made us realize we were looking at the problem completely wrong.”        MUSK’S LEADERSHIP STYLE AND BEHAVIOR Some have criticized Musk’s aspirations to change the world as outlandish and his ideas as unachievable, but Musk doesn’t believe in impossibilities. Says author Christopher Davenport, “People are always telling him he can’t do it. But he doesn’t like to hear it can’t be done. He categorically rejects that. It’s all about, ‘How can we do it?’ ”135 A recent example of Musk’s stubbornness is the production of the Model 3. After the company revealed the concept to the public and locked in production dates, Musk called a meeting to tell executives he had a dream that the entire production process had been fully automated. In other words, vehicle production would require no humans from start to finish. He wanted to make the dream a reality, he wanted to do it with the Model 3, and he wanted to begin production four months ahead of Tesla’s original schedule. What followed were several months of what former executives and employees describe as a familiar pattern: executives told Musk his idea wasn’t achievable, he disagreed, and engineers resigned when they realized they couldn’t reason with him.136 Musk eventually conceded that his idea for fully automated production of the Model 3 was a non-starter, and he and his workers scrambled to get production back on track by working 80–100 hour weeks.137 Customers waited months past delivery dates for their vehicles and took to social media to lambast the company. Further, many of the Model 3s that were delivered needed costly and time-consuming repairs.138 Musk would later refer to the ordeal as ­“production hell.”139 Some blame Musk’s inability to delegate for Tesla’s problems and for the recent exodus of more than 36 VPs and other high-ranking executives.140 Musk wants things done his way down to the tiniest detail and often rejects industry best practices along with advice from his senior leadership. For example, Musk once instituted a new workflow management method against the advice of his production workers. The employees secretly reverted to Toyota’s Kanban method when Musk’s technique ultimately slowed production.141 Author Barry Enderwick believes Musk’s micromanaging style “. . . displays a fundamental misunderstanding of what leadership means. No one person can do everything at a company.”142 Others blame Musk’s mental health for his downward spiral and describe him as emotionally unstable and fragile. Musk developed a reputation on the production floor for openly ridiculing, insulting, and bullying workers who fell short of performance targets. He appeared extremely sensitive to skeptics, often reassigning workers who questioned his ideas to new departments, uninviting them to important meetings, and even firing them. Musk also displayed frequent emotional reactions to isolated customer complaints on social media. As a former employee recalls, “Some customer would tweet some random complaint, and then we would be ordered to drop everything and spend a week on some problem affecting one loudmouth in Pasadena, rather than all the work we’re supposed to do to support the thousands of customers who didn’t tweet that day.”143 Musk’s recent public appearances and social media posts have raised consumer concerns about his ability to deliver on his promises and successfully run his companies. In one instance, he angrily tweeted that a diver sent to rescue a trapped Thai boys’ soccer team was a pedophile after Musk’s offer to assist with the rescue was declined. The diver filed a defamation lawsuitPage 544 against Musk for this damaging and unsubstantiated claim.144 As another example, Musk chose to smoke marijuana during an appearance on “The Joe Rogan Experience” podcast.145 In August 2018, in what would prove the most financially damaging of his social media choices to date, Musk tweeted that he was taking Tesla private and had secured the funding to do so. As a result of his tweet, the company’s shares skyrocketed 11 percent in one day. Musk had not actually secured funding to take Tesla private and the SEC charged him with securities fraud. He settled the case and agreed to pay a $40 million fine to the SEC, step down as Tesla’s chairperson, and allow others in the company to regulate his social media activity.146 A few months after reaching the settlement, Musk gave a 60 Minutes interview and said “I do not respect the SEC.” While it is not illegal for Musk to criticize the regulatory agency, experts agree it’s an unwise choice, both in terms of his relationship with the agency and his ability to attract board members to his companies.147 WHAT’S NEXT FOR ELON MUSK? Musk’s quirkiness, overconfidence, and volatility resemble the attributes and behaviors of other famous entrepreneurs—most notably, Steve Jobs.148 As consumers we allow for and even expect a certain amount of idiosyncrasy in our leaders. Yale School of Management’s Dr. Jeffrey Sonnenfeld argues that some measure of hubris is necessary for entrepreneurs to succeed, saying, “The odds are against them succeeding rationally, so they have to have an unrealistic sense of their own efficacy to beat the odds.” But Sonnenfeld also notes that Musk is likely to “take himself and the company off a cliff” if he doesn’t dial things back.149 Tesla recently unveiled its new electric vehicle—the Model Y crossover—to lukewarm reception. Pre-orders started immediately and required a $2,500 initial ­payment—$1,000 more than the company had charged customers to reserve the Model 3. Market analysts see this increase as cause for concern about the company’s cash position and predict that initial orders for the Model Y will be much lower than they were for the Model 3.150 As for that tweet that cost him $40 million in SEC fines and his position as chairman of Tesla’s board, Musk says it was “worth it.”151 APPLY THE 3-STEP PROBLEM-SOLVING APPROACH TO OB

Week 2 health policies | Human Resource Management homework help

Health care organizations develop operational policies and procedures that not only meet the organization’s purpose and mission but that are compliant with state and federal regulations. This week, differences between a law and policy are investigated. We will investigate how a policy is developed from regulations, which are based in a specific law(s) designed to protect confidentiality and secure protected health information (PHI).

Complete the below Week 2 Assignment — Health Care Policies Worksheet

E03v curriculum development lesson 1 exam score 95 percent

      

Question 1

5 / 5 points

Who wrote the first kindergarten manual and also wrote the Happy Birthday song? 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Patty Hill Smith

 

   

b) 

Maria Montessori

 

   

c) 

Jean Piaget

 

   

d) 

Lev Vygotsky

 

Question 2

5 / 5 points

       

Individual appropriateness means that a teacher planning for a class of 3-year-olds should consider which of the following? 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

The individual knowledge,     experiences, and skills of each child in the group

 

   

b) 

Ways in which this group of     3-year-olds is the same as last year’s group 

 

   

c) 

A list of appropriate materials     for 3-year-olds

 

   

d) 

Typical milestones for     3-year-olds

 

Question 3

5 / 5 points

       

A four-year-old with cerebral palsy is enrolled in your classroom. The child’s IEP is shared with you. IEP stands for: 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Inclusive Environmental Plan.

 

   

b) 

Individualized Educational Plan.

 

   

c) 

Integrated Educational Program.

 

   

d) 

Inclusive Educational Play.

 

Question 4

5 / 5 points

       

The teacher asks the children, “What do you think will happen if we add this block to the top of the tower?” What should the teacher do next?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Ask a follow-up question     immediately.

 

   

b) 

Wait several seconds before     saying anything else.

 

   

c) 

Put the block on top so children     can see what will happen as they answer.

 

   

d) 

Offer the teacher’s own idea —     “I think it might fall down. Is that what you think?”

 

Question 5

5 / 5 points

       

An IEP for a child with a disability includes all of the following EXCEPT: 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

a description of the child’s     strengths, needs, and goals. 

 

   

b) 

program modifications.

 

   

c) 

a list of activities the child     will not be able to participate in.

 

   

d) 

special education services to be     provided.

 

Question 6

5 / 5 points

       

Which statement best describes how the concept of learning through experience, multisensory, or hands-on learning has evolved over time? 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Hands-on learning was popular     once, but is now known to be ineffective in meeting current learning     standards.

 

   

b) 

Hands-on learning began in Head     Start, which was developed in the mid-1960s. 

 

   

c) 

Hands-on learning has been     developing since the 17th century and has been implemented in a variety of     ways thereafter.

 

   

d) 

Hands-on learning was first     proposed as part of the traditional nursery school, which evolved slowly     after World War I.

 

Question 7

5 / 5 points

       

Who wrote that multisensory learning was more relevant than verbal learning alone?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Rousseau

 

   

b) 

Locke

 

   

c) 

Comenius

 

   

d) 

Froebel

 

Question 8

5 / 5 points

       

Which of the following is NOT a research finding associated with developmentally appropriate practice?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Children’s creativity is enhanced.

 

   

b) 

Children’s problem-solving     skills improve.

 

   

c) 

Children demonstrate increased     attachment to parents and grandparents.

 

   

d) 

Children’s reading skills     improve.

 

Question 9

5 / 5 points

       

Why do teachers offer a variety of small group activities for children every day?
 

1. The children will be at different developmental levels.
2. The children will be coming from different cultural backgrounds.
3. Different children will be interested in different subjects.
4. The children will use the activities to learn more than one skill at a time. 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

1, 2, 3, and 4

 

   

b) 

1 and 2

 

   

c) 

3

 

   

d) 

1, 2, and 3

 

Question 10

5 / 5 points

       

Choose the most appropriate description of developmentally appropriate practice

Question options:

  

   

a) 

DAP focuses mostly on social and     language skills, less on cognition.

 

   

b) 

DAP tends to ignore academics     unless children ask about things like colors and numerals.

 

   

c) 

Children are active decision     makers in the learning process.

 

   

d) 

All children are expected to     learn the same things at the same time.

 

Question 11

5 / 5 points

       

When should a teacher feel most confident that she is engaging in developmentally appropriate practices?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

When her program has purchased a     curriculum that has been advertised as developmentally appropriate.

 

   

b) 

When his Head Start leadership     has chosen a curriculum from a list that is described as developmentally     appropriate.

 

   

c) 

When she makes daily judgments     about how individual activities meet the specific needs and interests of     children in the group.

 

   

d) 

When he provides ample time for     play indoors and outside.

 

Question 12

5 / 5 points

       

Jack and Jerome are both five years old. Jack’s language development is more advanced than Jerome’s. Jerome is more physically coordinated and stronger than Jack. These children illustrate which developmental principle? 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Normative sequence

 

   

b) 

Holistic development

 

   

c) 

Variation of rates

 

   

d) 

Cumulative and delayed effects

 

Question 13

5 / 5 points

       

Which of the following is NOT a general practice associated with DAP?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Primary teachers follow the     schedule and lessons assigned by the central administration with little or     no deviation.

 

   

b) 

Primary teachers develop warm     caring relationships with children.

 

   

c) 

Children have numerous     opportunities to learn by doing through hands-on activities.

 

   

d) 

Programs address the needs of     all children including children with a special need or those whose     home language is not English.

 

Question 14

5 / 5 points

       

A person’s learning profile refers to the: 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

way a person forms letters and     numerals.

 

   

b) 

speed with which a person learns     to read and write.

 

   

c) 

amount of creativity a person     brings to routine learning tasks.

 

   

d) 

way a person processes     information and experiences.

 

Question 15

5 / 5 points

       

Under what circumstances should teachers consciously consider culturally appropriateness of activities?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

In a group of children composed     of children from different races

 

   

b) 

In a group of children composed     of children from different economic circumstances

 

   

c) 

In any group of children,     regardless of group composition

 

   

d) 

In a group of children where     some children have special needs

 

Question 16

0 / 5 points

       

What intelligence fits this description? “Gary learns best by doing experiments and exploring patterns/relationships.” 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Musical learner

 

   

b) 

Interpersonal learner

 

   

c) 

Logical-mathematical learner

 

   

d) 

Intrapersonal learner

 

Question 17

5 / 5 points

       

The teacher says, “Corey, I’m so glad to see you. Here’s a place for you next to Austin.” This is an example of which teaching strategy?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Scaffolding

 

   

b) 

Guided Practice

 

   

c) 

Invitation

 

   

d) 

Behavior reflection

 

Question 18

5 / 5 points

       

Chang is having trouble sitting through the story that the teacher is reading at circle time. The teacher knows the following things about Chang:
 

1. Chang is 2 years old.
2. This is Chang’s first day in the program.
3. Chang and his family are newly arrived from Korea.
 

If the teacher wants to respond using developmentally appropriate practices, which of these pieces of information should she keep in mind about Chang? 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

1 & 2

 

   

b) 

1 & 3

 

   

c) 

2 & 3

 

   

d) 

1, 2 and 3

 

Question 19

5 / 5 points

       

What intelligence fits this description? “Grace is reflective and sensitive to her inner moods.” 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Musical learner

 

   

b) 

Intrapersonal learner

 

   

c) 

Logical-mathematical learner

 

   

d) 

Interpersonal learner

 

Question 20

5 / 5 points

       

Which of the following children is demonstrating active learning?
 

1. Tom is talking to himself as he tries to solve a problem.
2. LaTesha is counting each jump as she jumps rope.
3. Raymond is wandering around the room, looking for something to do. 

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Tom, LaTesha, and Raymond

 

   

b) 

Tom only

 

   

c) 

Tom and LaTesha, but not Raymond

 

   

d) 

LaTesha and Raymond only

E04 lesson 6 and 7 exam score 93 percent

      

Question 1

2.5 / 2.5 points

Cary has not completed his math assignment all week. His basic skills test from early in the year shows him in the top five percent of all second-grade students in math reasoning. What should Cary’s teacher do?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Give Cary the choice of     completing it now or at recess.

 

   

b) 

Realize that Cary may be bored     and create more challenging work for him.

 

   

c) 

Give Cary the choice of     completing the work now or for homework.

 

   

d) 

Realize that Cary may be     confused and may need remedial work.

 

Question 2

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Providing small child-sized pitchers for pouring juice and other child-sized materials can help children who have immature _________ skills be more successful in independently completing tasks.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

cognitive

 

   

b) 

preschool

 

   

c) 

emotional

 

   

d) 

coordination

 

Question 3

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

___________ sets the tone for the classroom.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Classroom environment

 

   

b) 

Teacher attitude

 

   

c) 

Breakfast

 

   

d) 

A reward chart

 

Question 4

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Knowing what to expect, having consistent limits, and having a reliable organization for materials all lead to _______________, helping to keep children safe.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

predictability

 

   

b) 

security

 

   

c) 

stress

 

   

d) 

evaluation

 

Question 5

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Kayla has very low self-esteem. She misbehaves often and is rejected by other classmates. Her teacher, Mr. Vickers, has decided to work hard to give Kayla positive feedback whenever possible. What can Mr. Vickers expect to happen first when he begins this approach?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Kayla’s behavior will worsen.

 

   

b) 

Kayla will stop talking to Mr.     Vickers.

 

   

c) 

Kayla will be kind to Mr.     Vickers.

 

   

d) 

Kayla will cry frequently.

 

Question 6

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Children need to feel loved and accepted. To accomplish this, teachers must:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

have unconditional love for all     children in their care.

 

   

b) 

give children in their care a     hug each day.

 

   

c) 

have an enthusiastic approach     for all children in their care.

 

   

d) 

never have a favorite student.

 

Question 7

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Which one of the following statements about lying is TRUE?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Young children often lie because     they are confused between what is real and pretend.

 

   

b) 

Young children cannot be held     accountable for lying since they cannot understand the term.

 

   

c) 

Young children who get fact and     fantasy mixed up become adults who lie.

 

   

d) 

Young children can be taught to     tell the truth by giving them natural consequences for lying.

 

Question 8

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Spencer, a three-year-old, is refusing to get dressed for the day. His mother, Melanie, is late for work already and she needs Spencer to cooperate. Which set of choices would be appropriate for Melanie to give Spencer that would meet his obvious need for power?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

“You may choose to put your     clothes on by yourself or Mommy will do it for you.”

 

   

b) 

“If you are choosing not to     get dressed, you are choosing to have a time out.”

 

   

c) 

“Which shirt are you going     to wear today, the green or the blue?”

 

   

d) 

“When do you want to get     dressed―now or in ten minutes?”

 

Question 9

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

When Jill plays board games with her preschool-aged sister, Karra, she notices that Karra keeps changing the rules so that she wins. Jill is getting frustrated which is leading toward conflict. ___________ is MOST likely contributing to Karra’s problem.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Egocentrism

 

   

b) 

Resentment

 

   

c) 

Defiance

 

   

d) 

Bad sportsmanship

 

Question 10

0 / 2.5 points

       

All of the following are appropriate ways to evaluate a child EXCEPT:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

individual formative     assessments.

 

   

b) 

authentic feedback.

 

   

c) 

weekly child-teacher     conferences.

 

   

d) 

traditional methods of assessment.

 

Question 11

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

When children have arguments about sharing toys, it is usually because young children have:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

undeveloped cognitive skills.

 

   

b) 

irrational thinking patterns.

 

   

c) 

undeveloped social skills.

 

   

d) 

undeveloped language skills.

 

Question 12

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

When communication is undeveloped, all of the following strategies can help EXCEPT:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

having a cool down period.

 

   

b) 

scaffolding each child as     needed.

 

   

c) 

discouraging the child to use     art.

 

   

d) 

role playing.

 

Question 13

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

A child _________ should NOT be considered a discipline problem.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

bullying other students

 

   

b) 

rolling his eyes

 

   

c) 

sticking out her tongue

 

   

d) 

wetting their pants

 

Question 14

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

According to constructive discipline and behavior modification, the BEST way to extinguish a negative behavior is to:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

never reinforce the negative     behavior.

 

   

b) 

give a negative reinforcement     when the behavior occurs.

 

   

c) 

find a positive behavior to     reward instead.

 

   

d) 

cause extinction of the behavior     by punishing the child.

 

Question 15

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Lying, stealing, and cheating are all signs of:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

emotional immaturity.

 

   

b) 

lack of understanding.

 

   

c) 

social withdrawal.

 

   

d) 

developmental delay.

 

Question 16

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

When children are begging to help clean up, be the line leader, be the homework helper, and overall have a chance to shine in their classroom, their teacher has made them feel:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

helpful.

 

   

b) 

needed.

 

   

c) 

loved.

 

   

d) 

significant.

 

Question 17

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Trust is formed:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

outside the classroom.

 

   

b) 

in the teen years.

 

   

c) 

in the first years of life.

 

   

d) 

by age 10.

 

Question 18

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Pam is throwing bits of paper at Eli during quiet reading time. She is a struggling reader and her teacher, Mrs. Johnson, can tell she is not able to read independently during this time. Mrs. Johnson could help Pam by:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

allowing Pam to do a different     quiet activity during reading time.

 

   

b) 

ignoring Pam’s behavior and     putting her in a spot where she will not disturb others tomorrow.

 

   

c) 

having Pam pick up the paper and     return to her seat to read easier books.

 

   

d) 

allowing Pam to read with a fifth-grade     partner during reading time.

 

Question 19

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

The type of written observation that involves recording each time a child displays a particular behavior, such as hitting, is called:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

anecdotal notes.

 

   

b) 

running records.

 

   

c) 

event sampling.

 

   

d) 

time sampling.

 

Question 20

0 / 2.5 points

       

Mr. Goldstein is working on a cooking project with his first grade class. While some children chop apples with plastic knives, five children at a time are working with Mr. Goldstein to mix a piecrust. Each child at the table is getting a turn to mix the crust with their fingers. Jindira is mixing when Kim gets impatient and pushes Jindira to the side so she can have her turn. According to constructive discipline, an appropriate consequence for Kim would be to send her:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

to time out for five minutes and     then allow her to have a turn.

 

   

b) 

back to apple chopping and tell     her she has lost her turn.

 

   

c) 

back to apple chopping after she     has apologized to Molly.

 

   

d) 

back to apple chopping and tell     her she may return when she is ready to wait for her turn.

 

Question 21

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

The prevention level of the three tiers of support may involve all of the following EXCEPT:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

a confined space.

 

   

b) 

a stress ball to squeeze.

 

   

c) 

a small ball to sit on.

 

   

d) 

room to wiggle.

 

Question 22

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

It is important to help children with chronic illnesses and extended absences stay connected to their classroom and their peers because:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

friendships are critical for     these children’s social and emotional development.

 

   

b) 

their parents are not teachers.

 

   

c) 

they will not learn anything at     home.

 

   

d) 

having a relationship with a     teacher is important.

 

Question 23

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

When asking a child to complete a task, teachers should try to be specific and:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

speak very slowly and quietly.

 

   

b) 

avoid using his or her name.

 

   

c) 

use jargon the child can relate     to.

 

   

d) 

say the important information at     the end of the sentence.

 

Question 24

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Providing them with a soft, calming place in the classroom; making sure they know what to expect in their school day; and spending extra one-on-one time with them are ALL ways to help children who have:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

experienced the death of a     parent.

 

   

b) 

chronic health problems.

 

   

c) 

been abused.

 

   

d) 

witnessed community violence.

 

Question 25

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Teaching conflict resolution skills, appropriate methods for expressing emotions, and strategies for dealing with frustration is especially important for children who:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

have underdeveloped     communication skills.

 

   

b) 

are in foster care.

 

   

c) 

have been abused.

 

   

d) 

are from military families.

 

Question 26

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

One way to prevent emotional outbursts and help children express how they feel is to:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

have them draw or write about     their feelings.

 

   

b) 

have a daily check-in board.

 

   

c) 

ask them how they feel during     snack time.

 

   

d) 

sing a song about feelings.

 

Question 27

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Which of the following statements about community violence is NOT true?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

It can lead to parental     conflict.

 

   

b) 

It causes children are fearful     and anxious.

 

   

c) 

It causes children to want to     have more friends.

 

   

d) 

It is increasing at an alarming     rate.

 

Question 28

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

One way to help reduce the tension that often leads to aggression is:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

yoga.

 

   

b) 

singing.

 

   

c) 

time-outs.

 

   

d) 

ignoring it.

 

Question 29

0 / 2.5 points

       

A goal should be for the child to become self-___________ at school, not simply to obey for a reward.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

governing

 

   

b) 

reliant

 

   

c) 

assured

 

   

d) 

sufficient

 

Question 30

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Many children who have experienced trauma question their competence and self-worth. This makes it important for teachers to:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

fix all of their students’     mistakes.

 

   

b) 

show their students the correct     way to do things.

 

   

c) 

have a peer helper to fix other     student’s projects.

 

   

d) 

promote a “can-do”     attitude in the classroom.

 

Question 31

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

The intentional instruction level of the three tiers of support may involve all of the following EXCEPT:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

games to increase attention     span.

 

   

b) 

brain exercises.

 

   

c) 

organizational skills.

 

   

d) 

a small-group setting.

 

Question 32

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Children affected by divorce or separation may:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

not have a fear of abandonment.

 

   

b) 

be more secure in their     attachment to others.

 

   

c) 

blame their parents.

 

   

d) 

be less secure in their     attachment to others.

 

Question 33

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

According to your text, ______ percent of children who die from abuse are under the age of 4.

Question options:

  

   

a) 

3

 

   

b) 

25

 

   

c) 

60

 

   

d) 

80

 

Question 34

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Providing students with opportunities to serve as a source of support to others helps them realize they are valuable members of the group which:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

improves their self-worth and     self-confidence.

 

   

b) 

improves their academic     performance.

 

   

c) 

creates jealousy among the     students.

 

   

d) 

makes students forget to pay attention.

 

Question 35

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Emotional abuse may include all of the following EXCEPT:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

name-calling.

 

   

b) 

slapping.

 

   

c) 

rejection.

 

   

d) 

isolation.

 

Question 36

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

One of the BEST ways to discover children’s special talents is:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

let them help others.

 

   

b) 

offer them activity choices.

 

   

c) 

observe them at various required     activities.

 

   

d) 

pair them with more skilled     students.

 

Question 37

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Manuel, a five-year-old child, is often inattentive. He has trouble sitting still for more than a minute in circle activities where his attention is required. Which solution would be MOST helpful for Manuel?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Having him sit on a ball or     one-legged stool during circle time.

 

   

b) 

Giving him another activity to     do during circle time, such as reading.

 

   

c) 

Having him play by himself in     the play area during circle time.

 

   

d) 

Having a one-on-one discussion     with him about his problem.

 

Question 38

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

Viewing children from a strengths-based perspective means:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

using children’s strengths to     plan the curriculum.

 

   

b) 

using the strengths of some of     the children to help others.

 

   

c) 

believing in a child’s abilities     to succeed even in the face of adversity.

 

   

d) 

using a strong speaking voice     and firm actions to help guide behavior.

 

Question 39

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

There are three levels of attention described in the text: attention for survival, attention to things of interest, and:

Question options:

  

   

a) 

attention to nature.

 

   

b) 

selective attention.

 

   

c) 

necessary attention.

 

   

d) 

attention to details.

 

Question 40

2.5 / 2.5 points

       

The Council for Exceptional Children, Division for Early Childhood (CEC/EEC), and others describe three tiers of support schools can provide to children with social or emotional difficulties to help them become socially competent. Which of the following is NOT a tier?

Question options:

  

   

a) 

Prevention

 

   

b) 

Guidance

 

   

c) 

Intentional instruction

 

   

d) 

Individualized instruction